Fort Rinella
St Rokku Street, Kalkara
Historical Site

Built in 1878 by the British, Fort Rinella was the most technologically advanced war machine of its day. Powered by coal-fired steam driven hydraulics it could fire its monstrous 100-ton gun every six minutes, sending a one-ton shell up to a distance of eight miles to pierce no less than 21 inches (65cm) of ship armour!

Fort Rinella was one of four 100-ton gun batteries built in Malta and Gibraltar for the protection of the harbours. These forts became necessary with the building of two powerful Italian battleships; the Duilio and Dandalo, both armed with four 100-ton guns each in revolving turrets. At the time, Britain used the Mediterranean as a quick route to India and it was feared that the growing naval power of Italy might tip the balance of power in the region.

The 100-ton gun was first developed for Italy by the great British Victorian inventor and industrialist from Newcastle, Sir William George Armstrong. The 100-ton gun was the world’s largest muzzle-loading cannon ever to be built. It has a calibre of 17.72-inches (45cm) and it is 35 feet (11m) long. It fired explosive elongated shot using a quarter of a ton of black powder. The cost of each round equaled the daily salary of 2,700 soldiers!

Fort Rinella is managed by Fondazzjoni Wirt Artna - the Malta Heritage Trust. A visit to Fort Rinella includes a guided tour and a film show about the history of the historic fort and its 100-ton gun. All historical re-enactment displays are also included in the entrance fee. Film shows roughly timed on the hour. More information about the display times here.

Photo credits: Rene Rossignaud on and 

Opening Hours
Monday 10:00 - 17:00
Tuesday 10:00 - 17:00
Wednesday 10:00 - 17:00
Thursday 10:00 - 17:00
Saturday 10:00 - 17:00
Closed on New Year's eve, Good Friday, Santa Marija 15 August, Christmas eve and Christmas Day.
Ticket Prices
Adults € 12.00
Senior € 10.00
Students € 10.00
Family € 25.00
Children under 16 € 5.00
Entrance fee includes a guided tour, film show, and access to all displays according to schedule.
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Interactive Science Centre, Villa Bigh, Kalkara
Science Museum
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